BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG VS CANE CORSO
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History Comparison The gorgeous Bernese Mountain Dog is, despite to his pleasant and friendly appearance, used to hard work. He originates from Switzerland, where he was an essential assistant in the two greatest exports of the country; chocolate and cheese. The Bernese Mountain dog, one of four mountain-dog breeds very similar to each other, used to pull carts, drove kettle, guard farmyards from predators – and, of course, serving as loving family members after a hard day’s work. They are, however, most known for their ability to pull many times their own weight, to which broad shoulders and muscular hindquarters are of good help. Like many similar breeds, the Bernese Mountain dog were near extinction at one point, when mechanized farming and ranching became the new normal in Switzerland. In the late 18th century, only few living examples who left a lot to desire were left. The hard work to restore the Bernese Mountain Dog to its former glory began, and the one man behind it was the Professor Albert Heim, who started up the first Swiss breed club for the Bernese Mountain Dog. With his help and under his guidance, it didn’t take long before these amazing dogs once again were the breed to beat as farming dogs. In the US, the breed’s history takes off in 1926 when a Kansas farmer imported two Berners as farming dogs. Others were soon to follow, and the breed accelerated in popularity. The AKC registered the first Bernese Mountain Dog in 1937. The Cane Corso has a completely different background. They can trace their roots longer back in history than most other breeds. When going back the furthest, we find them – or, rather, their ancestors, to ancient Greek where an ancient Greek tribe had giant, big-boned guarding dogs. During the height of the Roman Empire, these dogs were brought back to Italy to be bred to native dogs. The offspring of these mixed breeds are the ancestors to the Cane Corso we know today, and his larger brother, the Neapolitan mastiff. They were used to “periferi”; fearless dogs who charged enemy lines with buckets of flaming oil strapped to their backs. It is generally believed that those dogs were larger than those of today. When the Roman Empire fell, these war dogs went out of work. Fortunately, they found new tasks to perform, such as hunting wild boar, farming, livestock droving and guarding farmsteads with its inhabitants. Just like the Bernese Mountain dog, the Cane Corso went almost extinct at one point. Political and economical reasons led to the breed almost vanishing in the middle of the 20th century. Thanks to a group of Italian fanciers grouped up to save the breed in the 1970s, the breed survived. In 1983, the Society Amorati Cane Corso (Society of Cane Corso lovers) was formed, and soon the breed was found on International dog shows around Europe. The first Cane Corso to grace American soil arrived in 1988, and the breed was formally accepted by the AKC in 2010. Looks comparison Like most working mountain or molosser/mastiff breeds, both of these are quite large dogs. Both of them reach up to 27,5 inches to the shoulder, but that’s where the similarities end. The Bernese Mountain Dog has a very typical farm dog look and feel to him, with his long, thick coat. He has a double coat with wooly undercoat covered by a longer outer coat. As a tiny bit of a warning; they shed all year, but more excessively during shedding season which happens twice a year. If you don’t like lots of grooming or hair absolutely everywhere, perhaps you should look at one of the Bernese brother breeds. The most common colours of a Berner is black, white and tan/rust. To look further, the Bernese Mountain Dog is a well balanced dog with strong muscles hidden under all that fur, with a beautiful head with floppy ears. The Cane Corso has a completely different appearance. These dogs are tall and majestic; their temperament shows very clearly in how they hold their body and how they move. Their muscles sit tightly under their skin, with a fur to show them off properly. In some areas, both ears and tail are cropped, while this is illegal in other areas – please check the rules regarding this where you live, so you know what goes. Like most mastiff breeds, their heads are big, square and heavy. Their face is just slightly flatter than many other European mastiffs, and like some, their lips are hanging low, providing them with great opportunities to drool. If you’re not a fan of drool.. well, maybe you should look at another breed. They have a short double-coat that need no special grooming, but they shed all year around, more in shedding season. Their colours come in black, black brindle, chestnut brindle, fawn, gray, gray brindle and red. Trainability Comparison Luckily for anyone who wants either a Bernese Mountain Dog or a Cane Corso, both these breeds are easy to train. Considering their size, socialization is crucial already from the very day you bring them home. This is especially important for the Cane Corso, who is a quite serious and protective breed by nature. The ever so debated question about leadership is equally important; if you can’t be the one giving directions and demonstrate that rules do apply to everyone, your Cane Corso will show you the rules he come up with – and they may be completely different to what you had in mind. Both breeds are eager to please their people, however, and while one may think that the Cane Corso would be a tough breed, they are actually quite the opposite. They work better with a softer approach with rewards and praise rather than harsher methods. The same goes for the Bernese Mountain Dog; his feelings are easily hurt, so be kind but fair, and your dog will do anything for you.