BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG VS ROTTWEILER
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HISTORY The Bernese Mountain Dog was developed in the Bern region of Switzerland and filled many roles around the farm. They worked and herded the dairy cattle, pulled small carts, they protected the farmyard, and they were an affectionate companion when the day was done. After railroads became commonplace the breed nearly went extinct and was only resurrected in the 20th century by a handful of dedicated fanciers. The Rottweiler was built in the German town of Rottweil as was primarily a herding or working dog that moved herds of cattle in the area to market. They descended from ancient Roman war dogs that were left in the region when the Empire fell and the armies withdrew. They have since become amazing protection dogs working in police and military roles but soon found their way into common homes as sweet companions and capable guardians. APPEARANCE As I mentioned a few minutes ago, both breeds have black and tan markings that manifest in a black coat with tan markings on the lower legs, chest, and spots on their eyebrow bones. Their coats are very different though. The Berner has a luxurious and silky coat designed to keep them warm in the Swiss mountains, and they often have spots of while alone their chest or legs as well. They need regular brushing to prevent mats from forming on their long coats but are otherwise low maintenance. The Rottie on the other hand has a short dense coat with a boxy head and large joules. You can clearly see their powerfully muscled body and solid build through their sleek coat. Where a Berner might drool a bit, the Rottie’s large more mastiff-type joules mean they drool a lot and shed moderately throughout the year as well. Neither breed does well in the heat and their family should be cautious of their mostly black coat when it comes to being outside on sunny days even if the temperature is mild. TEMPERAMENT/TRANIABILITY/ENERGY Now let’s take a look at the temperament and personality of the breeds. The Berner is a large breed but has more energy than you might expect given their historical role working om farms. They are eager to please and have a quick mind behind their large soft eyes making them easily trainable, but they don’t usually care to learn complex commands. They are naturally watchful and have powerful protector instincts but they aren’t considered guard dogs because of their mellow temperament. They have found success as a service dog for people with a variety of disabilities because of their size and sweet temperaments. Rotties are considered guard dogs and are more of a ‘ask questions later’ kind of canine when it comes to perceived threats. They are highly trainable and quite intelligent but some factions of the breed take on the stubbornness and low energy of other mastiff-type breeds. They have been successful in police, military, and even service dog roles over the years because of their generally mild temperament and quick intelligence. They are very family-oriented and affectionate with people they are familiar with so and are known to be extremely affectionate and playful throughout their lives. SOCIAL NEEDS - OTHER CHILDREN/SMALL ANIMALS Berners are similarly affectionate and playful with their family but both breeds are watchful of strangers, including children. Both breeds warm up quickly to children and are a calm presence even when they are playing, though younger canines often want to join in on the games. Berners tend to do better with small animals than Rotties, but this can have more to do with the individual and their early socialization since both breed’s original role was protecting livestock and farmyards. Neither dog does well outside all the time and prefers to be inside with their family. They are both very affectionate and devoted to their people, though neither breed is prone to separation anxiety they don’t like to be alone for long. WRAP UP The Berner and the Rottweiler as both extraordinary canines that can be a joy to have in the right home. Families looking for a powerful protector can’t go wrong with either breed but the Rottie does have a deeper guarding instinct when it comes to defending their home ane family. For those looking for a more laid back gentle giant, the Berner is a great fit with their watchful presence and low reactivity making them great in busy homes.