5 Incredible Facts About The Newfoundland
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Like most dog breeds, the Newfoundland was created as a working dog. Surely, you’ve heard how they love water and are wonderful at saving people who are in distress in water. They were also used to help fishermen pull in heavy nets with fish. That’s when their double coat comes in handy; to keep them warm in cold water. They also have webbed toes that makes it easier for them to swim.
On ground the Newfoundland were of great help pulling heavy timbers, and today these dogs are awesome at pulling the children in the family on a wagon.
The Newfoundland originates from – yeah, you’d never have guessed; the Newfoundland island in Canada, sometime after the 12th century. They are thought to be a mix between dogs domestic to the area, and large, black dogs brought by Vikings. When the colonization of the island started in 1610, the Newfoundland dog was already standardized.
4. ENERGY LEVELS
Despite being such a large dog, the Newfoundland enjoys and needs physical exercise. Choosing himself, he’d probably be quite satisfied just laying in your garden or just exactly in the middle of your home, but when you take him for a walk or a hike, or even better, a swim, he’ll be more than happy with the activity.
But if you want a super active dog, the Newfoundland may not be for you. They are, in general, very calm and due to their size, shouldn’t be overly exercised. And while they do enjoy outdoors activities, taking your Newfoundland running with yourself on a bike may not be the best of ideas.
Comparing a Newfie with, let’s say, a German shepherd or a Malinois, the Newfie may be slower in energy level, but perseverance enough to do the work at hand, whether it be saving a drowning person, pulling a heavy load of weight, or moving long distances to deliver mail.
3. MENTALITY AND TRAINABILITY
The Newfoundland is a sweet, loving breed who is more than suitable as a family dog. They go very well with children, even the youngest one. A Newfoundland tends to pick up the role of being the protector of young children, but also interferes when there’s an argument among them. You’ll always be protected with your Newf; not because they are the best protector, but because of their size and their ability to intimidate through size alone. When a Newf stands in your way, you’ll always hesitate to push through with naughty intentions.
There should be no problems training your Newfoundland. It IS, however, very important to start your training right away, no excuses. A Newf is a very large dog, and to function socially he needs to learn good manners at an early age. The larger a dog, the better manners and obedience he needs, since a large dog with none of these things can be quite scary for people who for some reason or the other, doesn’t like or enjoy dogs. A Newf, however, is outgoing, intelligent, curious and eager to please. Trusting and affectionate, they respond better to gentle guidance than harsher corrections or training methods.
Keeping all that in mind, you’ll be able to shape your Newf into exactly the gentle giant it’s known to be.
2. SIZE, HEALTH AND EATING HABITS
You probably already know that the Newf is one of the largest breeds on the planet, with its 26 – 28 inches and 100 – 150 pounds. Because of their size, special care needs to be taken during their first year when they grow the most. Please take care to give your growing pup proper, nutritious food to prevent unnecessary damage on his joints. Once grown up, a Newf eats less than one might expect, however.
Health-wise, a Newfoundland is considered a fairly healthy breed. With its size comes the risk of problems with hips and elbows, to make sure your breeder has done extensive health checks on his or her breeding stock before buying a puppy. Other issues that may appear are cardiac diseases and cystinuria (the forming of stones in the urinary system).
Taken care of properly, given nutritious food, with coat, nails, ears, teeth et cetera, handled regularly, a Newfoundland can be expected to live for 9 – 10 years. For a breed as large as the Newf, that’s quite a good life expectancy.
The Newfoundland has plenty of fur. Like, generously plenty. Like; it’s not unheard of for their owners to keep the fur and use it for knitting clothes, dolls, replicas of their dogs, and other interesting things. That’s how much fur you’ve got to deal with when getting yourself a Newfoundland. When spayed or neutered, the Newfoundland shed continuously, so be prepared to invest in good tools for grooming your dog. Otherwise, you’ll do ok with a good brush through once or twice a week to get rid of matting, tangles and all the stuff that gets stuck in there. Don’t forget to trim their nails and keep their ears clean to prevent infections.
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