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Rottweiler Vs Doberman Origins:

To learn about the creation of the Rottweiler first, we need to go back in time, way back in time to about 6 AD, when Roman Emperor, Augustus, started his conquest of Germania- which we now know as modern-day Germany. Wherever the Roman Legions went, there was also a demand for food. This meant toting around a large amount of fresh food and livestock to feed the entire army. To move such a large amount of animals to be used during the Legions time away from home, the Empire employed the drover dogs or cattle herding dogs,

Antiquity's rustic droving dogs are where we get our first look at the Rottweiler's ancestors. Rome eventually gave up trying to add Germania to the Empire and left for the greener, richer, pastures of Gaul (or modern-day France), but some individuals of their canine entourage were left behind.

It wasn't until centuries later in Rottweil, Germany, that the Rottweiler would be developed to drove and protect farms and livestock from cattle rustlers. The breed became known far and wide as Rottweiler Metzgerhund or Butcher's Dog of Rottweil. The breed found itself out of work in the 1800s, with the rise of the Railroad and cattle cars to move stock from one place to another. Though, this intelligent, versatile breed quickly found itself in police work, protection work and was even one of the first breeds used as a guide dog for the blind.

Given their similarity in fur coloring, it is no surprise the Rottweiler was one of the breeds used to create the Doberman. This breed first came on the scene in the early 19th century in Adolpa, Germany, when Louis Dobermann went on a mission to create his own dog breed. See, Louis was a tax collector, and in those times, it was a dangerous occupation. He would go door to door and collect tax money. As you can imagine, not many people were happy to see him, and he was also lugging a large amount of money from one place to the next as he went about his route.

Mr. Dobermann dreamed of an imposing breed that would be capable of protecting him on his rounds. But, he also wanted something dependable that wouldn't bow out when the chips were down. He mixed some "black and tan terrier," some Rottweiler, a little German Pinscher, and some smooth-coated herding dogs in the area- and low and behold- gave the world the first canine breed specifically for personal protection. Granted, this first rendition of the breed was not as refined or agile as what we know today. But the "tax collectors dog" still became known far and wide as a working dog extraordinaire.

Though, assisting in tax collection didn't end up being a permanent job for the Doberman as the world modernized. It had already found itself in a variety of lines of work from police work to the military, service dogs, search and rescue, and of course protection work.

Rottweiler Vs Doberman Appearance:

The Rottweiler is one of those breeds most people recognize the instant they see it. This is a medium-large that exudes strength. They had a large frame and very defined muscles under a short black and rust coat. Their head is wider, with a shorter muzzle, bust backed up by powerful, thick jaw muscles. The Rottweiler does naturally have a long tail, but most would know it for being docked in some parts of the world where the practice has not been banned. Females of the breed are expected to be smaller and have some feminine characteristics, but they should not be much less substantial than their male counterparts.

A male Rottweiler is going to be between 24 to 27 inches (or 60 to 68 centimeters) tall and weighs around 95 to 135 pounds (or 43 to 61 kilograms). Females are a little smaller at 22 to 25 inches (or 55 to 63 centimeters) in height and weigh 80 to 100 pounds (or 36 to 45 kilograms).

The Rottweiler most commonly comes in black and tan, which the breed is best known for. There are other colors in the breed, though. They are not necessarily within the breed standard, which include red and blue colored dogs.

Is there a difference between German and American lines?

The answer is there are a few small differences between German and American lines of Rottweilers. The first being the ADRK, or The Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler­-Klub, in Germany has a strict no docking policy. They also accept dogs that are a little larger. While the AKC, American Kennel Club, recognizes individuals who are a bit smaller in comparison and allows docking. The ADRK is, however, very strict on the temperament of dogs it accepts. But, besides docking requirements and minor size variations, the difference in appearance is minimal and only really highlights where the dog was born, Germany, or America.

In comparison, the Doberman is also a breed to recognize though they and while they most commonly come in the same color as the Rottie, their structure varies greatly. The Doberman has a squared frame with a compact build. It is muscular, yet agile- elegant even in appearance. The muzzle is long and in a blunt wedged shape. It's eyes dark, taking on an almond shape. Females should be a little smaller and more feminine, especially in the face. Traditionally, the Doberman also sported docked tails and cropped ears. Both of these practices have become banned in many countries around the world. But are still accepted by the AKC.

Male Doberman's will be between 23 to 28 inches (or 58 to 71 centimeters) in height and weigh somewhere around 75 to 100 pounds (or 34 to 45 kilograms). On the other hand, females will be 24 to 26 inches (or 60 to 66 centimeters) tall and 60 to 90 pounds (or 27 to 40 kilograms).

Like the Rottweiler, the most common color for the Doberman will be the famous black and tan. But the breed does come in additional colors such as blue and rust, Isabella, red and rust, all black, white, and albino.

Is there a difference between European and American lines?

There is an apparent difference between European and American Dobermans. So, much so that the two are relatively easy to tell apart. European dogs are going to be more muscular and robust. In comparison, dogs of this breed from American lines tend to be more slender and agile in appearance. There are significant discrepancies in temperament between the two lines, which will cover more in-depth in a few moments.

Rottweiler Vs Doberman Energy Level And Exercise Requirements:

The Rottweiler's activity level is not incredibly high. They have a decent "off switch," It is easier to engage with less energy expenditure, unlike a lot of other working and guarding breeds.

The Rottweiler should have ample time to exercise as the dog should maintain a healthy weight and keep it lean. As puppies, this breed should be monitored carefully during playtime and exercise as they can easily damage their joints, which can have long-lasting repercussions into adulthood. After a Rottie is fully mature, they need some exercise, such as a long walk, to keep them in shape and help the work of any excess energy. However, owners of this breed should be mindful since, due to the Rottweiler's dark coat, they can overheat when it is hot outside, and they are doing any type of strenuous activity.

The Doberman is a high activity breed. They have a lot of energy that needs to be drained to achieve a well-behaved companion. It will take more than it would with a Rottweiler to get this breed to relax.

The Doberman is a much larger commitment in the exercise department. Especially when you consider both types, American and European, a long walk will not be sufficient for this breed. This is even more true with European lines. They are intense working dogs and need to be worked vigorously to experience a more low-key side of them. An under-exercised Doberman is a destructive Doberman.

Rottweiler Vs Doberman Life Expectancy And Health:

The Rottie, unfortunately, does not have a very long life expectancy. The breed tends to average nine to ten years. One of the oldest known Rottweilers is currently thirteen years old.

The Rottweiler has a long list of health issues with the most common and deadly killer of the breed being bone cancer. The Rottie also has several other cancers that run rampant in the breed. A recent study conducted by the Gerald P. Murphy Cancer Association, in conjunction with the Rottweiler Health Foundation, believes they may have uncovered a link to the breed's incredible number of cancer cases, which includes vaccination schedules and spaying or neutering too early in the dog's life.

Though the breeds health problems do not stop at cancer. They are prone to types of Dysplasia, including hip and elbow, which affects the joints where the hip connects to the pelvis or the elbow. This can cause movement problems and potential mobility issues. Rotties can also have heart or eye conditions and JLPP (Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis & Polyneuropathy), which is hereditary and can cause paralysis.

The Doberman's life expectancy is not any better than the Rottweilers. Officially, the breed will live between ten to twelve years. But some experts are now estimating that the average is closer to six years of age.

The Doberman also has a seriously lousy list of health problems, and the list is only getting more and more hard to swallow. As the use of popular sire's, across all bloodlines, has severely diluted the genetic diversity in the breed. A recent study by UC Davis Genetic labs found that Dobermans have the lowest genetic diversity of any other breed they tested. The biggest concern for the Doberman breed is DCM, or Dilated Cardiomyopathy, which is a heart condition that results in death. It is estimated that at least 58% percent of individuals of this breed across Europe have the disease. And what's worse is that we still have no knowledge of what gene controls this disease, and it most commonly presents after breeding age, which makes it almost impossible to screen for.

Other health problems in the breed include Hip and Elbow Dysplasia. Von Willebrand's Disease is a clotting disorder that is not the same as hemophilia but presents with the same inability for an open wound to properly clot. Wobblers disease, which is caused by an issue in the neck and spinal vertebrae. This causes uneven gait and mobility issues. 50% of cases of Wobblers Disease across all dog breeds are found in the Doberman alone. The list of health issues continues with hypothyroidism, albinism, Chondrodysplasia, Chondrodystrophy, and IVDD risk.

Rottweiler Vs Doberman Social Needs:

The owners of the Rottweiler already know this dog is part goofball and part warrior. This breed has a heart as big as its body, and its people take up most of its space. Rottweilers love to be with their family and are always up for a good cuddle on the couch. They might even try to situate themselves in your lap, though, they can be somewhat aloof towards strangers and even hostile to those with bad intentions.

The Doberman also loves its people, but it takes the term "velcro-dog" to the next level. They want nothing more than to be with their people. Doberman's are known to be so intuned and attached with their people that they will even pick up on stress in the household, and something like an argument between spouses can make them nauseous. All of these things make the Doberman a terrible choice to spend a lot of time alone. Or be resigned to being an outside dog.

Rottweiler Vs Doberman Temperament:

As we go forward with the rest of the video, it will be with the assumption that the dog has been given proper socialization and training from a young age. It will also be assumed that the dog is of correct temperament and disposition for its breed.

A Rottweiler is a loyal breed. They love their family. But a confident and courageous guardian when called upon. Rottie's are level-headed; they should never be overly aggressive without provocation and can be reserved around people they do not know. This breed keeps a keen eye on its surroundings and is ever the watchful guard dog. At the same time, they do tend to come on strong as they are assertive. Though it should be recognized that aggression can come naturally to this breed, it takes a high-level canine leader to see the signs and act appropriately to curb this kind of behavior.

While temperament can vary slightly between American and European lines, the Doberman overall is loyal, fearless, alert, and intelligent. They are not a breed to try any funny business. As they are strong physically and have a high mental fortitude. They can also be standoffish with strangers, and if anyone tries anything with their family, they will see up close and personal why this breed is nicknamed "The Devil Dog."

As for the variety of types, the American lines than to have a gentler disposition and have less of that working dog mentality. In contrast, the European lines want nothing more than to work. They can be a little more intense, braver, and have higher stamina.

Rottweiler Vs Doberman Intelligence And Trainability:

Despite what some may think, the Rottweiler is an incredibly intelligent breed. They can be somewhat stubborn and are independent thinkers who need a good leader to show them why something is a good idea and why they should be interested in doing versus what they think they should do. The Rottie claims the number nine spot on the list for most intelligent dog breeds. This study examined how often a breed needed to be exposed to a command before it learned it and how often could that breed execute that command.

In the right hands, a Rottweiler is a highly trainable breed. With more advanced training, they can be used in police work, military work, service dogs, search and rescue, Schutzhund, and other competitive canine spots. A more novice canine leader might have a hard time getting around a Rottie's stubborn streak, which can lead to frustrations. If you have a Rottie and need some help, be sure to check out our Fenrir Canine Training Channel or some of our other videos on this channel dedicated to teaching your Rottweiler how to be an excellent Canine companion.

The Doberman is another highly intelligent dog. On the breed ranking list for most intelligent dog breeds, it comes in at number five. The Doberman does have some serious brainpower, and it comes at no surprise that this breed can, and will, outsmart an unsuspecting owner. Though this breed wants to please it's people and is highly biddable which makes for a somewhat easier training process than the Rottweiler. They want to make their owners happy and are willing to do whatever you ask of them in an attempt to do so.

The Doberman is incredibly versatile and finds itself in a variety of canine competitive sports and police and military work, home protection, service dogs, search and rescue, and many more. If you need some help with training your Doberman, be sure to hop over to our Fenrir Doberman channel and watch some of the breed-specific training videos available.

Rottweiler Vs Doberman Child, Small Animal, and Other Dog Friendliness

 A Rottweiler is usually a great family dog, and they get more attached to children as they get to know them. But, owners should exercise some caution when children have friends over. A Rottie is a guardian through and through, and child roughhousing might appear like someone is trying to hurt "their child," which can cause them to try and intervene and protective and possibly aggressive manner.

Rotties also possess a prey drive. They can be accepting of other small animals in the household, however. But, potential issues can arise if the animal is not a member of their family. Which is just something to keep an eye out for.

As for other dogs, Rottweilers can be same-sex intolerant. However, they tend to do well with other canines in the household. Again, they can become aggressive with suspicious or unknown dogs that wander too close to the Rottweiler's territory.

Doberman's are excellent with children, and they make great family dogs. This breed is also a protective one, so parents want to keep a careful eye out when their kids have friends over and if things get a bit rambunctious. Dobermans with children tend to be calm, incredibly patient, and kind.

Like the Rottie, the Doberman also has a prey drive, which will be exacerbated in European lines. Though, they tend to do wonderfully with small animals that they know and are introduced too correctly. They tend to take on the same mindset with small animals as they do with children.

Dobermans also have some cases of same-sex intolerance. But, aside from these individuals, the breed does very well with other dogs in the household. They can take on a more suspicious outlook of dogs that they don't know.

This concludes our analysis of the Rottweiler versus the Doberman Pinscher. Which would you choose?


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