BREED SPECIFIC ISSUES
Being a large breed, joint issues like hip and elbow dysplasia are quite common. You'll want to be on the lookout from day one for potential problems and be as gentle on their joints as you can, especially while they are still young. This means that a lot of jumping, intense running, or other high impact exercises early in their life can damage their joints, leading to problems later on. Of course, as they get older, even if you keep as much pressure off their joints as possible when they're young, they have a higher possibility of developing joint issues in the latter half of their life.
In addition to their potential for joint issues, Cane Corso's are prone to several other health conditions. Idiopathic epilepsy, mange, heart conditions, and various eyelid abnormalities are not unheard of with this breed. Depending on many factors, the most common of these are typically eye issues. It is common in many large breeds with loose skin that they can develop eye abnormalities, one of which is commonly referred to as cherry eye. This is usually corrected with surgery by your vet, and while it can be uncomfortable for your Corso until it's fixed, as long as it doesn't go untreated for too long, it shouldn't cause any permanent damage.
Some of you may know that I had a Cane Corso puppy for a time and experienced one of the breeds health issues with her early on. The Corso's are unfortunately also prone to different kinds of heart defects that they are typically born with and are hard to screen for early in their life. In some Corso's, this manifests as a heart murmur or other mild ways that could be corrected with surgery. Then, there are those, like what I experienced, where the heart defect was unnoticed, with no symptoms outwardly present, resulting in the early and unfortunate death of mine Cane Corso puppy. You can watch a more in-depth video I did on this previously that I will link down below if you would like to learn more.
The final issue that is quite common with the breed, as well as with many other large breeds, is called bloat. Bloat is a twisting of the stomach and intestines that can be the result of many different things and tends to happen most often in Corso's that eat too fast, don't drink enough, or even when they are given a heavy meal after vigorous exercise before they've had a chance to settle. Some people have also seen a trend where bloat can be more common when feeding on ground level versus raised bowls, but there have not been any scientific studies to confirm or disapprove. One of the best ways to slow down a fast eater is by feeding a raw diet. The nature of feeding a raw diet forces them to chew and eat in a more natural cadence and tempo. You can also leave some of the meat partially frozen, which also encourages them to chew more thoroughly. I have an entire course that walks you through every step of feeding a raw diet if you'd like to learn more about all of its benefits.
The breed's life expectancy is pretty average for their size ranging from 9 to 12 years on average. Of course, there are always outliers that can go several years beyond that, but a lot of it depends on their genetics, exercise, and the diet they are fed throughout their life. When you get a Corso from a breeder, it's always a good idea to ask what the average lifespan is of the canines they've produced, including the parents and siblings to your Corso. When researching and interviewing a breeder, you also get a chance to learn about the health problems that are more likely from their lines than others. Thoroughly interviewing breeders means that you are less likely to be surprised with health problems, but of course, the risk always exists.
Also, don't forget to consider the training of your Cane Corso when you're thinking about their life span ad potential health issues. When they are well trained, they are likely to have a longer and happier life and consider factors like reducing their mental stress and being able to remove them or prevent situations that could result in the dog being put down for aggression.