Golden Retriever is an extremely popular breed due to its friendly, playful and family-orientated nature. They have also been used as a working dog in a hunting environment, retrieving game for the hunters. They are good-natured and loving dogs perfect for families as they are great with children and long for companionship. Not only does the Golden Retriever have a loving personality, but they have become extremely popular for their appearance. They have a very adorable appearance with their long, thick golden coat making them even more popular. A Golden’s coat consists of two layers; a dense and water-resistant outer coat with a very thick undercoat. This double layer protects the dog from cold weather and water which actually enabled them to be great hunting companions and definitely explains their huge love for swimming! Some Goldens have wavy coats whilst others have straighter fur. The fur feathers on the back of the front legs and underbody with a heavier and thicker feathering on their chest, back of their thighs and thir long tail. The Retriever comes in a variety of shades of gold from light to dark – some of the dogs can be bright white while others can be a deep dark golden. The thick coat of a Golden Retriever requires a lot of grooming; brushing your pup daily can prevent tangling and reduce the amount of hair that you find around the house. If not daily, then you should brush your Golden at least once a week as a minimum. This breed is a very heavy shedder all year round, particularly in the spring and autumn time. Having a Golden Retriever means accepting the fact that you will find their hair absolutely everywhere.
The lifespan of the Golden Retriever ranges from 10 to 12 years. As with all dog breeds, they can be more prone to particular health conditions, which is incredibly important to be aware of before bringing a Golden into your home. For this breed, you should expect to see health clearances from the breeder which have been completed by a certified scheme. There are many Health Tests available in order to understand potential risks and the level of said risks, including Hip and Elbow Dysplasia Schemes, Eye Schemes, and many others regarding the specific health conditions that this breed is prone to. Certain health conditions that the Golden Retriever is more prone to include hip and elbow dysplasia, bone conditions, cataracts, epilepsy, eye diseases, heart problems, blood disorders, skin conditions, ear infections, cancer and bloat. Being aware of this prior to getting a dog is significantly important since, as an owner, you need to be able to care for your dog in the way they require which could mean some large vet bills.
Male Golden Retrievers are generally larger than female Goldens. Males are around 56 to 61 centimetres at the shoulder and females tend to be between 51 and 56 centimetres. The two differ in weight with males weighing 29 to 34 kilograms and females usually weigh between 25 and 29 kilograms. They are very active and lively dogs who need a large amount of regular exercise in order to stay fit and healthy. Adult Goldens need at least 2 hours of exercise each day which should be a combination of walks, off-lead runs, playtime and also mental stimulating activities. This breed is highly intelligent and so needs to be kept busy mentally as well as physically to be happy pups. They have a large amount of energy and it needs to be released to prevent them from developing any bad habits or unwanted destructive behaviours. They are a very loving dog and thrive off their humans’ love and companionship and if they are left alone for too long, they can become very distressed and even experience separation anxiety.
A key fact to know about the Golden Retriever is that they are a Pedigree Breed recognised by the Kennel Club in England as part of the Gundog Group. This definitely explains their need for exercise as gundogs are working dogs that can spend hours and hours in a day retrieving and working hard fulfilling the roles they are given. Commonly, the average price for a Kennel Club registered dog is around £1000, but can also be a lot more, depending on the breeder. Non-Kennel Club Registered dogs are generally around £800.
The Golden Retriever is an extremely impressive breed with lots of amazing qualities, but do make sure that before getting a pup that you know all the key facts regarding the breed you are looking at to make sure you are able to care for them in the way they need.